Former Seattle Police Chief, Norm Stamper, stopped by last week to discuss his new book, To Protect and Serve: How to Fix America’s Police which had high praise for this web site exposing police misconduct.
Go here to listen to our podcast interview with him.
In many states, officers will quit a department before they are fired or while they are under investigation for misconduct and take a job elsewhere, effectively wiping their own slate clean and starting over. In certain cases, this can endanger a new community because a bad officer simply moved jurisdictions. One tragic example: the officer who shot and killed Tamir Rice in Cleveland, Ohio resigned from another department that was about to terminate him for his ineptitude with firearms.
USA Today’s Jonathan Anderson has a report today about the Wisconsin Department of Justice’s laudable efforts to reduce the likelihood of hiring problem officers.
The Wisconsin Department of Justice earlier this year began requiring law enforcement agencies to report when officers resign amid an internal investigation, quit in lieu of termination or are fired for cause.
The Justice Department will warn agencies about the officers should they seek employment elsewhere, according to Christopher Domagalski, chairman of the state Law Enforcement Standards Board, which oversees training and certification of police officers in the state.
“What we’re trying to do is eliminate the opportunity for somebody to slip through the cracks,” said Domagalski, who also is chief of the Sheboygan Police Department.
The change is aimed at identifying officers who switch jobs or hop around to different agencies after committing or being accused of wrongdoing.
As a professor notes later in the piece, this is a “good start” but not sufficient to completely eliminate the practice because, like many states, Wisconsin cannot decertify an officer unless the officer has been convicted of a felony or certain misdemeanors like domestic violence.
Nevertheless, it is heartening to see state officials taking police misconduct seriously.
You can read the whole report here.
Yesterday, it was reported that Attorney General Jeff Sessions is reviewing previous and pending consent decrees between the Department of Justice and local police departments around the country. My view is that both the Left and Right misdiagnose the problem. The Right does not really appreciate the scope of the police misconduct problem, but they’re right that it is primarily the responsibility of local officials to address the problems that do exist. The Left knows scope of the problem, but too often seeks federal intervention which does not have a great track record and has the enabling effect of letting local officials escape accountability for their fecklessness.
Note this headline from today’s Business Insider: “Police departments vow to move forward on reform despite Sessions’ move to roll it back.” You mean departments are going to clean up their act if the Trump administration takes no action? Perfect!
I elaborate more on this policy matter here.
So for February, we’ve selected Pima County, Arizona for the conduct of (the now former) Sheriff Christopher Radtke and the very peculiar leniency shown to him by the U.S. Department of Justice.
Federal prosecutors charged Radtke with several felonies for money laundering and theft. According to the newspaper accounts, Radtke admitted that for years he made it appear as if his office was donating seized cash and assets from criminal suspects to a sheriff’s auxiliary fund when that wasn’t the case at all.
Ordinary citizens go to prison for embezzlement, but not Radtke. No prison time and a very generous pension.
Here’s an excerpt from one report:
The plea bargain dismisses all felonies, with Radtke admitting to three misdemeanor theft counts. He agreed to not seek employment as a law-enforcement officer or with Pima County government. In return, prosecutors will request one year of probation without incarceration and will not prosecute Radtke for other offenses.
The deal allows Radtke to receive an $82,800 annual pension from the state Public Safety Personnel Retirement System and a one-time $505,000 payment from the system’s Deferred Retirement Option Plan, according to the retirement system’s records. Within six years, Radtke will receive more than $1 million in state retirement benefits.
Had Radtke been convicted of any of the felony charges against him, he would have been required by law to forfeit his state pension because the crime was committed in the course of his role as a public official for a government employer.
The plea was accepted by Magistrate Judge Eric Markovich. Sentencing is scheduled for April 7 in U.S. District Court in Tucson.
So for January we have selected the case of Philippe Holland, who was an innocent man shot by Philadelphia police.
According to news reports, here is what happened: Holland was a college student who worked part-time delivering take-out food. Two years ago, he was delivering a cheeseburger to a house when two officers in plain clothes responded to the area because of a report about gunshots. Holland says he thought he was about to get robbed because the officers approached him without identifying themselves. Frightened, Holland jumped in his car and tried to drive away quickly. The police officers opened fire and Holland now has a permanent seizure disorder and has bullet fragments in his brain.
Last month, the city agreed to pay $4.4 million to settle a lawsuit brought by Holland, reportedly the largest settlement for a police shooting in the city’s history.
The officers involved in the shooting–Kevin Hanvey and Mitchell Farrell– claim that they feared for their lives and thus had to shoot. They were not prosecuted. Even after the passage of two years the department says their discipline is yet “to be determined.” Hmm.
For December we’ve selected two former police officers from East Point, Georgia, who were found guilty of criminal charges last month in relation to the killing of Gregory Towns.
Here’s the background: Two police officers, Marcus Eberhart and Howard Weems, were responding to a domestic disturbance call. When they arrived on the scene, Gregory Towns tried to flee on foot. The police caught him and placed him in handcuffs. When the officers ordered Towns to stand up and walk to the police car, he said he was exhausted and too tired to walk. Frustrated, the police responded by tasing Towns so that he would comply with their commands. Towns was tased several times and he died.
At their criminal trial, the officers told the jury, via their legal counsel, that Towns died from an illness unrelated to the tasing, but if they did not believe that, the jury should understand that the tasing was the only way to get Towns to the police car.
So for November, we’ve selected the Albuquerque Police Department, (APD) which is now under investigation, again, for misconduct.
Here’s the background. After numerous complaints from community leaders, the Department of Justice (DOJ) launched an investigation of the APD. In April 2014, the DOJ announced its finding that there was indeed a pattern of excessive force by the APD. Police officials promised to change and improve.
Shortly thereafter, an APD officer shot and killed 19 yr old Mary Hawkes. It looks like Hawkes stole a car and the police were trying to catch her. The police said she was a threat and so deadly force was necessary. Hawkes’ family sued the city for excessive force. Prior to trial, lawyers asked to see any police body camera footage from the incident.
Now we come to the latest news reports of APD misconduct. Reynaldo Chavez was an employee of the City of Albuquerque and his job was handling records requests. Chavez says he was aware that the police department had a peculiar policy regarding police body camera footage. When the footage helped the police, it was released to the public. When the footage hurt the police, such as showing excessive force, the footage was altered or destroyed. In other words, the APD tampered with evidence, which is a crime.
Chavez reportedly turned over incriminating body camera footage to the lawyers representing the Hawkes family. Chavez then lost his job and he is now fighting to get his job back because he says he was punished for doing what he was legally supposed to do.
The APD has denied any wrongdoing, but the state attorney general has seen enough to launch another investigation into APD practices.
For October, we’ve selected the City of Minneapolis for its handling of an excessive force complaint against Officer Blayne Lehner.
Here’s the background: Lehner and his partner respond to domestic disturbance call at an apartment building where they find two women arguing with one another. According to the news reports, the encounter was captured on video. The owner of the apartment building was so disturbed by what he saw–Lehner pushing one of the women without cause–that he filed a complaint with the department.
Later, Police Chief Janee Harteau agrees that Lehner’s conduct was unacceptable. The Chief terminates Lehner’s employment with the police department.
Only now a labor arbitrator has overturned that employment decision and has ordered the city to reinstate Lehner along with compensation for the time he has been off the force.
News reports also show that Lehner has been the subject of previous complaints and lawsuits:
City records show that since 2000, more than 30 complaint investigations have been opened against Lehner. The vast majority of investigations were closed with no discipline. One case from 2014 with the Office of Police Conduct Review is still open. Records show Lehner was suspended twice in 2013. However, the reasons for the discipline were not listed. Lehner was also issued two letters of reprimand in 2012.
In 2015, Lehner was sued by a man who claimed the officer kicked him in the face, breaking a few of his teeth and causing him to briefly lose consciousness. In a rare move, the city decided not to defend Lehner. However, the city later settled the case for $360,000.
So for August we have selected the Baltimore Police Department (BPD). Although the misconduct has been festering for many years, our selection is based upon the investigative findings of the Department of Justice, which were published in a report last month.
Here are a few of those findings:
- The BPD engages in a pattern or practice of making unconstitutional stops, searches, and arrests;
- The BPD engages in a pattern or practice of using excessive force;
- The BPD engages in a pattern or practice of retaliating against people engaging in constitutionally-protected speech;
- The BPD has allowed violations of policy to go unaddressed even when they are widespread or involve serious misconduct;
- The BPD has failed to take action against offenders known to engage in repeated misconduct.
Because the problems run deep, it would be a mistake to focus all of our attention on the police department itself. The political establishment of Baltimore knew there were problems, but failed to address them. It remains to be seen whether the reform rhetoric we have been hearing will be followed by real action.
So for July we’ve chosen the case from Berrien County, Tennessee where the former sheriff pled guilty to beating up prisoners in-custody. These prisoners were in handcuffs and were not resisting or threatening anyone. Here’s an excerpt from the local news:
According to Heath’s guilty plea, on Jan. 12, 2012, Heath and deputies from the Berrien County Sheriff’s Office were engaged in a foot chase of an individual identified only as M.V., who had been banned from traveling through the county. During the chase, Heath saw M.V. and called out to him, “You better not run or I will beat your a**,” or words to that effect, according to the justice department. M.V. reportedly responded by running into a nearby wooded area.
Heath and deputies followed M.V. into the woods, where a deputy eventually saw M.V. and arrested him without incident. When a deputy reported that M.V. was in custody, Heath reportedly ordered deputies to wait and hold M.V. in the woods. When Heath arrived, M.V. was lying face down on the ground, with his hands handcuffed behind his back and was not resisting arrest, according to the press release.
Heath kicked M.V. in the ribs, punched him in the head with a closed fist multiple times and forcefully kneed him in the ribs multiple times, causing M.V. to experience pain and have difficulty breathing, according to the justice department.
Read the whole thing. The former sheriff, Anthony Heath, is facing two counts of violating civil rights under the color of law. Each count carries a maximum sentence of ten years, but the actual sentence is expected to be far less.
We are of course aware of several officer-involved shootings last month that received national and international attention. Alton Sterling was killed in Baton Rouge; Philando Castile was killed in Minnesota; Paul O’Neal was killed in Chicago; and Charles Kinsey was shot and wounded in North Miami. The investigations into these incidents are underway and we will, as usual, be posting updates.