National Police Misconduct Reporting Project

National Police Misconduct NewsFeed Daily Recap 09-05-14

Here are the 8 reports of police misconduct tracked for Friday, September 5, 2014:

  • Atlanta, Georgia: A now-former police officer was indicted for allegedly beating a man so badly that the man suffered broken ribs and a collapsed lung. http://ow.ly/B9yjY
  • Louisville, Kentucky: A police officer is being accused of shoplifting from an outdoors store. The officer faces charges of theft by unlawful taking under $500http://ow.ly/B9oTt
  • Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: An off-duty state trooper got involved in a fight during a wedding, and also became aggressive with police. He is now facing charges of aggravated assault, resisting arrest and obstructing law enforcement, along with an internal investigation. ow.ly/B9nT4
  • Update: North Hodge, Louisiana (First reported 08-15-14): The assistant police chief was arraigned after victims have come forward claiming he sexually violated them. He pled not guilty to seven counts of malfeasance in office, two counts of forcible rape and one count of indecent behavior with a juvenile. ow.ly/B8O6r
  • Baltimore, Maryland: Police are investigating whether officers used excessive force in the arrest of a pair of brothers, the department said. Officers say that one man punched an officer as the two resisted arrest, while witnesses alleged that officers used unnecessary force in detaining the men following a dirt bike crash. ow.ly/B8Ams
  • Broward County, Florida: A veteran sheriff’s deputy was arrested after investigators found in his marked patrol vehicle prescription drugs that had belonged to a dead man. The deputy faces one count each of armed trafficking in hydrocodone, possession of alprazolam, grand theft of a controlled substance, tampering with evidence and official misconduct/falsifying public or court records, according to the sheriff’s office. ow.ly/B8mR5
  • Montgomery County, Ohio: An area woman and her attorney are preparing to file a lawsuit against the sheriff’s office after she says a deputy lifted her off the ground and slammed her head on a concrete floor while booking her into jail. ow.ly/B8mws
  • Thibodaux, Louisiana: A police officer was fired after allegations of misconduct surfaced. The issue is under investigation and disciplinary action has been taken against more than one officer. ow.ly/B8jiM

National Police Misconduct NewsFeed Daily Recap 09-04-14

Here are the 8 reports of police misconduct tracked for Thursday, September 4, 2014:

  • Delaware County, Pennsylvania: A man says that members of the police department dragged him into a room without surveillance cameras and beat him repeatedly about the head and back after he went to the police station to retrieve a confiscated handgun, according to a federal suit filed. ow.ly/B6aTk
  • Bangs, Texas: The police chief announced his resignation pending an investigation into alleged misconduct. According to the Mayor, the city council was set to meet to discuss the cheif’s removal based on alleged misconduct or lack of confidence, but he resigned first. ow.ly/B68Mm
  • Update: Lee, Massachusetts (First reported 08-30-13): The now-former police chief remains free after he pled not guilty to a dozen new charges in federal court in connection with the alleged theft of more than $50,000 meant for Christmas gifts for needy families. ow.ly/B66zo
  • Yonkers, New York: A police officer has been suspended after he was arrested and accused of pointing a firearm at a woman and choking her at his home, authorities said. ow.ly/B64pW
  • Miami, Florida: A police officer is facing DUI and criminal mischief charges following his arrest. He also faces a charge of possession of narcotics and driving with a suspended license. ow.ly/B5txp
  • Update: San Jose, California (Previously reported 05-14-14): The police officer accused of rape was charged with another crime. He stormed out of the a Safeway with a bottle of vodka about 2:30 a.m. in violation of a state law that bans the sale or purchase of alcohol between 2 and 6 a.m. ow.ly/B3FID
  • Barrow County, Georgia: Internal investigations led to the firing of a deputy for use of excessive force as well as the resignations in lieu of termination by another deputy and a lieutenant for their reaction to the incident. ow.ly/B3v21
  • Put-in Bay, Ohio: Allegations of unlawful arrests and heavy-handed tactics against police are being investigated by a county sheriff and a state agency. ow.ly/B3z1Y

National Police Misconduct NewsFeed Daily Recap 09-03-14

Here are the 8 reports of police misconduct tracked for Wednesday, September 3, 2014:

  • Waldo, Florida: The City Council suspended two police supervisors: a captain and the police chief. This happened after police said they were ordered to write 12 tickets per 12-hour shift, or face punishment. http://ow.ly/B3tYW
  • Savanna, Georgia: A police officer has been fired after he shot and wounded an unarmed man while responding to reports of gunshots outside a nightclub. ow.ly/B3qki
  • Atwater, Minnesota: A woman has filed a formal complaint against the police chief for trespassing on her property and killing her young son’s pet chicken – leaving the hen’s decapitated head just feet from the backyard chicken coop. ow.ly/B3lRU
  • Charlotte, North Carolina: A police officer was arrested after deputies say they were called to the officer’s home about a domestic dispute. The officer’s wife told deputies that he picked her up and threw her to the ground during an argument. ow.ly/B2Md1
  • Paducah, Kentucky: The police department is responding to accusations that two of their officers used excessive force during a traffic stop. The police chief has defended the officers’ actions and says there will be no further details until an internal investigation into the matter is complete. ow.ly/B2zqU
  • Eddy County, New Mexico: A deputy was arrested stemming from a domestic violence incident. She is being charged with battery against a household member after she allegedly physically assaulted her girlfriend at their residence. ow.ly/B2ymP
  • Update: Fairfax County, Virginia (First reported 09-04-13): A family has sued the police department, the chief, and three unnamed officers for gross negligence for shooting and killing their father a year ago. Police and federal investigators have not released any information publicly about the case. They have not said whether they think the shooting was justified and have not released the names of the officers involved. Witnesses say the man was unarmed when he was shot. ow.ly/B2tFR
  • Tewksbury, Massachusetts: A police officer has been arrested for a second drunk driving charge after he led state police on a three-mile chase on the interstate. ow.ly/B2b2q

National Police Misconduct NewsFeed Daily Recap 08-20-14 to 09-02-14

Here are the 12 reports of police misconduct tracked for Saturday, August 30 to Tuesday, September 2, 2014:

  • Ferguson, Missouri: At least five people are suing the Ferguson and St. Louis County police departments for $40 million, alleging abuse and mistreatment during the civil upheaval. http://ow.ly/B0ffW
  • Update: Los Angeles County, California (First reported 07-23-14): A sheriff’s deputy who was typing on a patrol car computer when he hit and killed a bicyclist will not be prosecuted, the district attorney’s office said in a statement. http://ow.ly/B0jEa
  • Oregon, Wisconsin: An investigation launched by the village board alleges the police chief withheld information about the extent of police calls to a sports and entertainment facility where he and some of his officers routinely performed off-duty security work. http://ow.ly/B0m0I
  • Update: Boulder, Colorado (First reported 06-04-14): A now-former police officer convicted of killing an elk was sentenced to four years of probation, some community service and was fined. http://ow.ly/B0tdn
  • Chicago, Illinois: A police commander is accused of placing the barrel of his gun into a suspect’s mouth. He has been charged with aggravated battery and official misconduct. ow.ly/B09Qp
  • San Bernardino, California: A jury has found a former sheriff’s deputy guilty of two misdemeanor charges for repeatedly kicking a man in the chest and groin as he lay handcuffed on the ground. ow.ly/B0207
  • Vinita, Oklahoma: The Oklahoma State Bureau of Investigation said a police officer was arrested for multiple counts of lewd molestation with a child under 16. ow.ly/B01hE
  • Update: Omaha, Nebraska (First reported 07-18-14): A now-former police officer who pled no contest to obstructing governmental operations has been sentenced. He was given 12 months of probation. Prosecutors allege the officer disposed a memory card from a cellphone possibly used to record a controversial arrest. ow.ly/AZmuW
  • Havana, Florida: An officer was arrested on a count of perjury after state investigators say he lied in traffic court. ow.ly/AXMvh
  • Walnut Creek, California: A police officer arrested after allegedly donning a mask and beating a woman with a baseball bat has been placed on administrative leave, police said. ow.ly/AXMkD
  • Atlanta, Georgia: Police have arrested a police officer accused of shooting a woman and burning her body in. He was arrested at the international airport attempting to get on a flight to Mexico. ow.ly/AXM9n
  • Fayette County, Pennsylvania: A police officer was arrested in an apparent domestic dispute. He was charged with simple assault and harassment. ow.ly/AXLXb

National Police Misconduct NewsFeed Daily Recap 08-29-14

Here are the 8 reports of police misconduct tracked for Friday, August 29, 2014:

  • Mathis, Texas: A police officer has been accused of indecency with a child. The 14-year-old accuser told detectives about the incident and the officer was booked into the county jail and held on a $50,000 bond. http://ow.ly/ANtCq
  • Charlotte-Mecklenburg, North Carolina: A jury found a police officer used excessive force in the death of a man. The officer shot him with a Taser gun twice and he died of a heart attack shortly after the incident. The man’s parents were awarded $500,000 for the death of their son. ow.ly/ARPzn
  • Fort Wayne, Indiana: A police officer has pled guilty to raping a woman during an OWI arrest. As part of his plea agreement he pled guilty to a felony charge of rape as well as one charge of sexual misconduct and another charge of official misconduct. ow.ly/ARI2Y
  • Phoenix, Arizona: A police lieutenant is part of an ongoing criminal investigation. He has been placed on paid administrative leave. ow.ly/ARBGS
  • Fort Indiantown Gap, Pennsylvania: A now-former police officer pled guilty to illegally killing a white-tailed deer, two wild turkey gobblers and a bobcat while he was on duty, according to court records. ow.ly/ARzKy
  • St. Clair County, Illinois: A lawsuit was filed in federal court accusing members of the sheriff’s department of using coercive tactics to get a false confession from a then 17-year-old with an IQ of 60. ow.ly/ARuob
  • Phoenix, Arizona: A police sergeant resigned after workers allegedly caught him shoplifting. The 29-year veteran is still eligible to collect his pension because he quit and wasn’t fired. ow.ly/ARBcv
  • Leland, North Carolina: A police officer has been fired and two others have announced their resignation amidst an ongoing SBI investigation regarding missing evidence within the department. ow.ly/ANi3j

National Police Misconduct NewsFeed Daily Recap 08-27-14 to 08-28-14

Here are the 14 reports of police misconduct tracked for Wednesday, August 27 to Thursday, August 28, 2014:

  • Salt Lake City, Utah: The police officer who shot and killed a man captured the incident on his body camera, said the police chief. The family says he was unarmed; the police department says the shooting is under review. ow.ly/AMG09
  • Dallas, Texas: A veteran sheriff’s deputy has been charged with sexual assault over an allegation. He has been accused of performing a sex act on a male victim. ow.ly/AMsp7
  • Mayflower, Arkansas: A local police officer accused of voluntarily withholding key evidence in a case involving a woman accused of stealing supplies from tornado relief efforts has been fired. ow.ly/AMmDs
  • Update: Sequoyah County, Oklahoma (First reported 07-08-14): A state trooper resigned after he crashed an OHP vehicle while towing a boat and was charged with a DUI. “[The trooper’s] actions were an egregious breach of the standard of conduct demanded by our profession,” said the police chief. ow.ly/AMmlK
  • Christiansburg, Virginia: A now-former police officer has been indicted on charges that he embezzled about $34,000. ow.ly/AMgbH
  • Update: Springfield, Missouri (Previously reported 08-19-14): A now-former police officer who shot an unarmed fleeing man in the back pled guilty to a misdemeanor charge. The plea agreement between would put him on unsupervised probation for two years. http://ow.ly/AMwvQ
  • Richland County, South Carolina: The sheriff’s department has fired a deputy who shot a man during a traffic stop. “It is clear from the evidence in this case that [the deputy’s] performance was substandard and potentially dangerous to not only the suspect, but to other law enforcement personnel and innocent bystanders,” wrote the 5th Circuit Solicitor. http://ow.ly/AMwQG
  • Update: Beggs, Oklahoma (First reported 09-04-13): The police chief pled no contest to domestic abuse charges and was sentenced to a five-year deferred sentence. He was accused of putting a loaded handgun to his wife’s head after the two got in an argument. http://ow.ly/AMxRm
  • New Britain, Connecticut: A man has filed a lawsuit against the city and a now-former police officer, claiming the officer’s cruiser collided with his car, causing damages to his head, shoulders and hand. http://ow.ly/AMDVT
  • Update: Tulsa, Oklahoma (First reported 08-13-14): A second woman has been added to a lawsuit against a state trooper. The lawsuit says he pulled over her car and made inappropriate sexual comments to her. It also says he drove her to a secluded location and sexually assaulted her. http://ow.ly/AMCLf
  • Denver, Colorado: A woman who called 911 during an argument with her boyfriend has sued police officers, claiming they bloodied her face by slamming her into a wall and an elevator door and then arrested her without cause. The police spokesman said that police internal affairs officers determined there was no excessive force. http://ow.ly/AMMaa
  • Update: Miami, Oklahoma (Previously reported 05-22-14): A now-former police officer accused of lying to a state grand jury in connection with the beating of a man which was caught on video tape pled no contest and received a three-year deferred sentence. http://ow.ly/AMt5Q
  • Oglala Sioux Tribe, South Dakota: A now-former police officer has been indicted by a federal grand jury for violating the constitutional rights of a man in her custody by repeatedly using her Taser on him without justification. http://ow.ly/ANgO2
  • Bell County, Kentucky: A video caught a state trooper harassing a motorist and the US Court of Appeals ruled that the trooper could be sued for false arrest. http://ow.ly/AN5I2

National Police Misconduct NewsFeed Daily Recap 08-26-14

Here are the 9 reports of police misconduct tracked for Tuesday, August 26, 2014:

  • Update: Tremonton, Utah (First reported 04-07-14): A now-former police officer accused of creating a fake pornography email account and convincing a teen girl to send him nude photos pled not guilty to charges. http://ow.ly/AHz6H
  • Rotterdam, New York: A federal civil rights lawsuit has been filed against the police department by the parents of an emotionally disturbed boy whose arm was broken when two police officers tried to force him off a school bus. http://ow.ly/AHO8b
  • Pharr, Texas: A grand jury indicted a now-former police officer after he allegedly sexually assaulted an underage girl multiple times, according to court records. He is accused of having sexual intercourse with a 17-year-old girl during work hours on five separate incidents. http://ow.ly/AHSHz
  • Belleair, Florida: The police chief is the target of numerous allegations ranging from mismanagement to ethical breaches and possible criminal acts. The person making those claims is the department’s detective. The mayor says he does not believe any of them. http://ow.ly/AHT6t
  • Louisville, Kentucky: Two University of Louisville graduate students who worked in a police summer residential program for at-risk youths say officers mentally and physically abused some participants. http://ow.ly/AHTRr
  • Columbia, South Carolina: A state trooper has been fired, state officials said. The Department of Public Safety said in a news release he was terminated for violating agency policies including conduct unbecoming a state employee. http://ow.ly/AHWAc
  • San Francisco, California: The family of a man who was fatally shot by police officers filed a civil rights lawsuit against the city following a march and rally against police brutality. http://ow.ly/AHXqC
  • Lowell, Massachusetts: A police officer has been charged with motor vehicle homicide and operating under the influence of liquor. His car crossed over the double yellow line and collided with another car, killing the other driver. The off-duty officer was arrested at the scene and is also charged with having an open container of alcohol. http://ow.ly/AHY8w
  • Bastrop County, Texas: The family of a woman who was shot and killed by a deputy is suing the county and the sheriff for $5 million. Initially, officials said the woman answered the door at the house she was in with a firearm and disregarded the deputy’s command. They later retracted that statement. She was unarmed when the deputy shot her. http://ow.ly/AJFPW

National Police Misconduct NewsFeed Daily Recap 08-23-14 to 08-25-14

Here are the 16 reports of police misconduct tracked for Saturday, August 23, to Monday, August 25, 2014:

  • El Paso, Texas: Victims and witnesses of a collision involving a police cruiser claim the officer caused the crash, and that police fabricated statements in the accident report to blame an innocent woman. A woman whose car was also hit as a result of the accident said the officer was at fault for the crash, and that the police report was a total lie: “The police officer was definitely at fault … he ran the red light and caused the whole collision.” ow.ly/AH9bY
  • St. Paul, Minnesota: The city council is expected to approve a $10,000 settlement with a man whose vehicle was struck by a police squad car. ow.ly/AHgyG
  • Update: Champaign County, Illinois (First reported 05-08-14): A deputy was acquitted of domestic violence. He was found not guilty during a bench trial. He had been on administrative leave since his arrest. ow.ly/AH6bR
  • Grant Park, Illinois: A police lieutenant let his brother’s 15-year-old daughter move in with him so he could “straighten out” the teen, then proceeded to have sex with her on a “daily basis” when she wasn’t cooking his meals, doing his laundry, or shopping for lingerie and shoes, a prosecutor said. He faces charges of criminal sexual assault and having sexual relations within his own family. ow.ly/AGUQV
  • Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania: A police officer is facing indictment on bank fraud charges. A press release said that a disciplinary hearing will be scheduled as soon as possible. ow.ly/AGTwO
  • Albany, New York: A sergeant was suspended without pay while his use of a Taser against a teenage suspect is more thoroughly investigated. ow.ly/AGzm0
  • Brick Township, New Jersey: A police officer was indicted on stalking and official misconduct charges for allegedly tormenting his ex-girlfriend online, publishing humiliating and harassing messages about her, and improperly accessing a law enforcement database when she asked him to help find the culprit, prosecutors say. ow.ly/AGyd4
  • Dallas, Texas: A now-former police officer was sentenced to 180 days in county jail for beating and pepper-spraying a handcuffed man during an arrest. He was convicted of official oppression, which carries a maximum sentence of one year in prison. ow.ly/AGvLX
  • Catasauqua, Pennsylvania: A man says police shot him with a stun gun about a dozen times in a recently filed deposition. The man said he was handcuffed and in a squad car when police used the stun gun on him. ow.ly/AHDw0
  • Cumberland County, North Carolina: A deputy was charged with drunken driving; he has submitted his resignation. http://ow.ly/AHgSI
  • Broward County, Florida: A now-former sheriff’s deputy was given a five-year prison sentence and was immediately taken into custody. The deputy was arrested and accused of making a $15,000 cash-for-silence deal with a marijuana grower. http://ow.ly/AHBBn
  • Update: Burlington, Massachusetts (First reported 11-20-13): A now-former police officer will spend a year behind bars after pleading guilty to charges in connection with a scheme in which he falsified prescriptions to pocket more than 260 Percocets and collected tens of thousands of dollars in false disability claims. http://ow.ly/AHmBb
  • Grapeland, Texas: A grand jury indicted a now-former officer on a second-degree felony charge of fraudulent possession of a controlled substance/prescription charge. http://ow.ly/AHA0d
  • Update: Chester, West Virginia (First reported 04-14-14): A now-former police officer who was involved in a “sexting” incident with a 16-year-old girl has received a suspended jail sentence and probation. He pled guilty to a misdemeanor charge of contributing to the delinquency of a child. The officer agreed to plead guilty to the lesser charge in exchange for the dismissal of a felony charge. http://ow.ly/AK3B2
  • Update: Barrington, Rhode Island (First reported 11-27-12): A police sergeant accused of harassing his ex-wife pled guilty to charges of domestic cyberstalking and obstruction of justice. He was given a two-year suspended sentence and two years of probation. He was also ordered to go to domestic violence counseling. http://ow.ly/AHrQ7
  • Ithaca, New York: The mayor says the city and its police department have opened separate investigations looking into an incident after an out-of-uniform sergeant drew his gun on four teens. Versions of the events that transpired differ between the involved officer and the parents of the four teens. http://ow.ly/AHJ7u

National Police Misconduct NewsFeed Daily Recap 08-22-14

Here are the 14 reports of police misconduct tracked for Friday, August 22, 2014:

  • Houston, Texas: A police officer was arrested on charges of cocaine possession. She is charged with manufacture/delivery of a controlled substance. She also had her 6-year-old son in the vehicle at the time of the alleged drug deal. ow.ly/ACUBb
  • Adams, Massachusetts: A police officer was charged in court with allegedly using a false identity to fill a prescription drug used to treat ADHD. ow.ly/ACQ0g
  • Paterson, New Jersey: The family of a 39-year-old mentally ill man has filed a wrongful death lawsuit against the city, nearly two years after the man was shot and killed by a police officer. ow.ly/ACJ9A
  • Phoenix, Arizona: Criminal and administrative investigations have been launched into an officer-involved fatal shooting of a mentally ill woman. ow.ly/ACznw
  • Denver, Colorado: A police department officer was arrested on a misdemeanor charge of non-injury child abuse, DPD said. ow.ly/ACrOn
  • Oklahoma City, Oklahoma: A police officer was being held in jail after being accused of a string of on-duty sexual assaults in a case described as “disturbing” by the city’s police chief. ow.ly/ACoJx
  • Los Angeles, California: The city council approved a $5 million settlement with the family of man officers fatally shot at the end of a wild pursuit. Several days after the shooting, the chief said he was “very concerned” about the incident and said he was launching investigations to determine whether it required discipline against the officers or better training techniques. ow.ly/ACiOl
  • Ferguson, Missouri: A police officer who pointed an assault rifle at people and threatened to kill them has been relieved of duty and suspended indefinitely, authorities said. ow.ly/AC4bB
  • Struthers, Ohio: A police detective has been fired. He had already been placed on leave for what the mayor called “inappropriate conduct.” The mayor would not be specific about what the alleged inappropriate conduct was or who made the allegation. http://ow.ly/AD4Ea
  • Update: Jones County, Texas (First reported 05-02-14): A deputy has been indicted by a grand jury. She was arrested for allegedly shooting at two victims in a pickup and then fighting with officers upon their arrival. She was indicted on two counts of aggravated assault and one count of deadly conduct. http://ow.ly/AD5re
  • Mills, Wyoming: A police officer is accused of the negligent death of a K9. The officer pled not guilty to one misdemeanor charge of cruelty to animals. http://ow.ly/AD8gS
  • Athens, New York: A police officer was arrested and charged with several counts of assault. http://ow.ly/AD64M
  • Update: San Diego, California (Previously reported 07-30-14): A now-former police officer accused of misconduct on the job, including groping and illegally detaining several women, pled guilty to several charges. The charges included felony false imprisonment as well as misdemeanor counts of assault and battery under the color of authority by a peace officer. http://ow.ly/AD7d3
  • Tuscaloosa, Alabama: A police officer is accused of sexually assaulting and attempting to strangle his wife. He was arrested and is facing two counts of first degree sodomy and one count of domestic violence for strangulation. http://ow.ly/AD6Vd

National Police Misconduct NewsFeed Daily Recap 08-21-14

Here are the 9 reports of police misconduct tracked for Thursday, August 21, 2014:

  • Update: West Columbia, South Carolina (First reported 10-10-13): A police officer was found guilty of one count of lascivious acts with a minor. He faces a mandatory prison sentence of five years followed by years of supervised release and must register as a sex offender. http://ow.ly/AxyKc
  • Dunkerton, Iowa: The longtime police chief has resigned after being placed on administrative leave. The city council had put him on leave amid an investigation into use of a city credit card. http://ow.ly/AxLdW
  • Update: Richardson County, Nebraska (First reported 06-23-14): A now-former deputy sheriff pled not guilty to charges that he lied about getting shot while on duty. He faces one felony charge and three misdemeanor charges for allegedly calling in a false report of being shot during a traffic stop while on duty. He is accused of shooting himself and his patrol car. http://ow.ly/AxK2G
  • Savanna, Georgia: The assistant police chief has resigned after being accused of providing beer to three underage girls. He has been charged with three felony counts of furnishing alcohol to a minor. He’s also been charged with misdemeanor counts of reckless driving and obstructing an officer. http://ow.ly/AxLKI
  • Update: Sherwood, Oregon (First reported 06-27-13): A police officer who has been on paid administrative leave for more than a year pending criminal and internal investigations has returned to duty. An internal inquiry, conducted by an outside investigator, concluded he did not violate policy. http://ow.ly/AxYpY
  • Update: Saratoga County, New York (First reported 03-05-14): A now- former sheriff’s deputy pled guilty. He was charged by criminal complaint with attempting to aid and abet the possession, with intent to distribute, 500 grams or more of cocaine. http://ow.ly/AxYKD
  • Baltimore, Maryland: An off-duty state police trooper has been suspended with pay after he was driven from a restaurant following allegations he was disorderly and walking around in his underwear. No charges have been filed against either that trooper or another off-duty trooper who was with him. http://ow.ly/AxZfq
  • Brunswick County, North Carolina: A trooper has resigned following his arrest for DUI. http://ow.ly/Ay3gM
  • White Lake, North Carolina: A man has been indicted for stealing money while he was an officer at the police department. He was indicted by a grand jury on charges of embezzlement by a local or charitable officer or employee, obstruction of justice and embezzlement by local or charitable officer or employee. http://ow.ly/Ay3x0