Several police officers from different departments are now under investigation after a news helicopter filmed them beating a man after a high speed chase that started in Massachusetts and ended in Nashua, New Hampshire. The video appears to show the driver following police commands to get down on the pavement so he can be handcuffed and taken into custody, but then the beating begins. More here.
James King was minding his own business when he was confronted by two menacing men. King didn’t know these men and he wanted to get away from them, but they chased him and beat him up.
Turns out the men were police officers working on a fugitive task force. They thought King was one of their fugitives, but they were mistaken about that. They were out of uniform when they confronted King and, according to King’s lawsuit, they did not identify themselves as police officers. Worried about his own safety, King ran away from them.
One of the officers put King in a chokehold till he lost consciousness. When King came to, he again feared for his own safety and bit the arm of one of the officers in a gambit to get away from them. The bite infuriated the officer, who then unleashed a torrent of punches on King’s face and head.
Bystanders were alarmed by what they were witnessing and they called 911. The responding officer, for his part, told the witnesses to delete the cell phone videos of the incident. He was worried about the safety of the officers, who had undercover jobs. They shouldn’t be recorded.
When things settled down, and the police realized their mistake, they decided to arrest King anyway. He fought back during his arrest–that’s a crime.
Prosecutors evidently agreed that King needed to be punished–so they charged him with three felonies.
King declined to plea bargain and insisted on a jury trial. The jury acquitted him of all charges.
A civil lawsuit is now pending. There’s no indication of any discipline for the officers involved. They’re apparently still out there policing.
So for February we have selected the reported misconduct of Officer Matt Rush from Champaign, Illinois.
Last month Precious Jackson filed a lawsuit against Rush and his employer for excessive force when Rush arrested her. According to the lawsuit, Rush’s actions caused Jackson to lose her unborn baby. Jackson also says that she begged to be taken to a hospital but that Rush and the other officers on the scene ignored her pleas and took her to the jail instead.
Local news agencies report that the City of Champaign has settled several similar lawsuits involving Rush to the tune of $320,000. The police chief actually fired Rush for lies in police reports and omitting important details in the incidents he was involved in.
A labor arbitrator overturned the police chief’s discipline and reinstated Rush to his job.
From a New York Times editorial:
The cover-up that began 13 months ago when a Chicago police officer executed 17-year-old Laquan McDonald on a busy street might well have included highly ranked officials who ordered subordinates to conceal information. But the conspiracy of concealment exposed last week when the city, under court order, finally released a video of the shooting could also be seen as a kind of autonomic response from a historically corrupt law enforcement agency that is well versed in the art of hiding misconduct, brutality — and even torture.
Mayor Rahm Emanuel demonstrated a willful ignorance when he talked about the murder charges against the police officer who shot Mr. McDonald, seeking to depict the cop as a rogue officer. He showed a complete lack of comprehension on Tuesday when he explained that he had decided to fire his increasingly unpopular police superintendent, Garry McCarthy, not because he failed in his leadership role, but because he had become “a distraction.”
Mr. Emanuel’s announcement that he had appointed a task force that will review the Police Department’s accountability procedures is too little, too late. The fact is, his administration, the Police Department and the prosecutor’s office have lost credibility on this case.
Still more on cover-up allegations here.
From the Chicago Tribune:
Hours after a Chicago police officer was ordered held without bond on a first-degree murder charge, the city released a shocking police dash-cam video that captured the white officer opening fire on an African American teen on a Southwest Side street, striking him 16 times and killing him.
The video is about six minutes long and appears to show 17-year-old Laquan McDonald running down the middle of Pulaski Road near 41st Street when Officer Jason Van Dyke, standing next to his SUV, opens fire….
The case marks the first time a Chicago police officer has been charged with first-degree murder for an on-duty fatality in nearly 35 years. Van Dyke faces a minimum of 20 years in prison if convicted of first-degree murder.
The charge comes less than a week after a Cook County judge ordered the release of a video that Emanuel’s administration had long sought to keep out of public view. As the mayor urged prosecutors to conclude their investigation Monday, he met with community leaders and aldermen to defend his handling of the controversy amid criticism that City Hall has not done enough to address police misconduct.
As longtime readers of this blog may remember, the Fullerton, California police violently beat Kelly Thomas, a 37-year-old mentally ill homeless man, who died from his injuries. The arrest was recorded, and Thomas could be heard calling for his father as the officers relentlessly beat him into a coma.
Two officers were fired for the incident but ultimately acquitted of criminal charges in the case. As opening arguments were set to begin in the wrongful death suit, the City of Fullerton agreed to pay the Thomas family $4.9 million as a settlement.
Ron Thomas said at a news conference that while the city acknowledged no wrongdoing in the settlement, it was a clear indication to him of its liability and guilt in the death of his 37-year-old son Kelly Thomas. Thomas said he feels vindicated by the settlement.
It is not uncommon for municipalities to disavow any culpability in settlements like this. But lawsuits are important nonetheless because they bring some measure of closure to the families who do not find justice in the criminal courts and incentivize governments to prevent such incidents from happening in the future.
On Tuesday, December 1, Cato will host “Policing in America,” an all-day conference dedicated to discussing the policies and impacts of law enforcement around the country. The event will be live-streamed on the Cato website.
This morning, the NYPD Office of the Inspector General (OIG) issued a report that found police leadership ignored over 35 percent of sustained excessive force complaints against its officers. This afternoon, New York Police Commissioner William Bratton announced new use-of-force guidelines to improve reporting and responsiveness. The guidelines will require NYPD officers to document and grade each use of force occurrence on duty. They also require officers to intervene if they witness a fellow officer using excessive force.
According to BuzzFeed:
The scathing [OIG] report, the first of its kind prepared by the new regulatory agency, was based on an analysis of 179 cases from 2010 through 2014 in which the Civilian Complaint and Review Board, the independent agency that investigates police misconduct, found that officers had used excessive force. The report also examined internal NYPD records for over 100 of those cases.
Among the Inspector General’s most troubling findings was the fact that top department brass declined to discipline a large portion of officers who were found to have used excess force. In 36% of the cases where independent investigators found evidence of misconduct, the police commissioner, who ultimately decides the fate of police officers accused of wrongdoing, “refused to impose any form of discipline.”
In spite of these revelations, NYPD’s largest union objected to the new reporting requirements. Patrick Lynch, president of the Patrolmen’s Benevolence Association, told BuzzFeed, “more paperwork coupled with a serious shortage of police officers and the continual second-guessing of their actions is a formula for disaster.”
The OIG also found the percentage of sustained force complaints that garnered no discipline is down considerably under Commissioner Bratton’s leadership. This decline indicates that Bratton’s NYPD is serious about addressing these entrenched problems of responsiveness, union objections notwithstanding.
As the nation’s largest police department, the NYPD often sets the operational standard (for good or ill) for many of law enforcement agencies across the country. Police departments and reformers alike will be watching closely as the NYPD implements these new guidelines.
You can read today’s OIG report here. You can read more about the new guidelines from yesterday’s preview in the New York Times. And you can read my testimony before the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights on the widespread lack of transparency regarding the use of force and officer discipline here.
So for August it was the case of Officer Kevin McGowan. According to news reports, Patrick D’Labik, age 18, admits to running away from the police. He said he ran because he had some marijuana in his pocket and did not want to go to jail. Officer McGowan caught up with D’Labik in a convenience store and the encounter was caught on the store’s surveillance tape (video at the link above). D’Labik has his hands raised in surrender and is in the process of getting on the floor when McGowan kicks him in the face.
When police commanders saw the surveillance tape, they concluded it was unnecessary, excessive force and fired McGowan.
Wait, McGowan is now back on patrol because the city’s Civil Service Board reinstated him.
Michael A. Wood Jr. is a retired Baltimore police officer. This morning, he tweeted a series of troubling, illegal, and disturbing incidents he witnessed while on the force. I have Storified them below. Warning: these tweets contain graphic language. You can follow him on Twitter @MichaelAWoodJr .
PC=probable cause ; CDS=controlled deadly substance (drugs)
The family of Samantha Ramsey filed a federal civil rights and wrongful death suit Wednesday against Boone County Deputy Tyler Brockman and Boone County.
A grand injury declined to indict Deputy Brockman in November of last year in the death of 19-year-old Ramsey.
Attorney Al Gerhardstein, one of the attorneys on the case stated, “This deputy was not indicted or disciplined. He was wrong to jump onto the car; shoot while Samantha was slowing down; and wrong to shoot at this young lady at all before he jumped back off the hood. Samantha’s shooing and death was completely unnecessary and avoidable.”
The lawsuit was filed in federal court in Covington. The issues raised by the shooting match those raised in numerous other police shootings across the nation where police have killed unarmed civilians, according to a release.